In one of the most important discoveries of the century, three ancient pyramids like structures have been been discovered in the Antarctic by a team of American and European scientists. Two of the pyramids were about 16 kilometers inland, while the third one was within close proximity of the coastline. The first reports about the pyramids appeared in western mass media last year.
Currently very little is known about the pyramids and the team of scientists continues to keep silent about the discovery. The only reliable information provided by the scientists so far was that they were planning an expedition to the pyramids to research them more thoroughly and determine for sure whether the structures were artificial or natural.
This discovery has led to many speculations and theories about the origin of the structures. The internet is abuzz with many stories about the strange structures some of which are discussed below in brief.
Theory of Existence of an Ancient Civilization
Antarctica has been one of the most mysterious continents for decades. Many researchers suggest there's more to Antarctica than snow and ice. Around 170 million years ago, the now icy continent was part of a supercontinent called Gondwana. And some 45 million years ago, Antarctica said to have broken off.
During Antarctica's long history, the continent was said to be located farther north with a rich tropical climate. What we see now as ice and snow were in the distant past lush green forests inhabited by various ancient life forms.
Jane Francis of the University of Leeds told the BBC in an interview that "I still find the idea that Antarctica was once forested absolutely mind-boggling," we take it for granted that Antarctica has always been a frozen wilderness, but the ice caps only appeared relatively recently in geological history. "
So, if Antarctica was this entirely 'beautiful' continent in the distant past, with massive jungles and ancient lifeforms, is there a chance human civilization could have flourished there? That's something extremely difficult to research as expeditions in Antarctica are extremely difficult and usually involves the great amount of money. The terrain is such that without proper equipment, human beings wouldn't last very long on the continent and that makes it tremendously challenging for researchers to study the continent.
So far experts have discovered pollen in samples taken from Antarctica. This means that at some point in history, the temperature there was around 20 degrees Celsius. In 2012, experts from Nevada's Desert Research Institute found 32 species of bacteria from Lake Vida, eastern Antarctica. These findings prove that in the distant past, the climate on Antarctica was very different and probably habitable.
This has led to the theory that just as there were ancient civilizations in Asia, Europe, and Africa, similar human civilization may have advanced on Antarctica, creating fascinating structures and apparently even Pyramids.
Some geologists are of the opinion that the steep, pyramid-like sides are likely the work of hundreds of millions of years of erosion.
"This is just a mountain that looks like a pyramid," Eric Rignot, a professor of Earth system science at the University of California, Irvine, told Live Science in an email. "Pyramid shapes are not impossible – many peaks partially look like pyramids, but they only have one to two faces like that, rarely four."
Freeze-thaw erosion likely led to its pyramid-like shape, Pelto said. This transpires when snow or water fills up cracks within a mountain during the day when the ice melts. When temperatures drop at night, the snow freezes and expands, turning into ice. The expanding ice causes the cracks to grow, Pelto said.
This freeze-thaw erosion happens countless times, creating larger cracks that can, eventually, make entire rock sections break off, he said. These forces likely shaped pyramidal mountains, he said.
Three of the four sides of the mountain look to have eroded at about the same rate. "It suggests, since it came out so evenly, that the rock type is fairly uniform," Pelto said. "You don't have any rock layers that are harder to erode."
In other words, the nameless mountain is probably "all in one rock layer," Pelto said. "It's not a very big mountain, so it's not that surprising."
However, the eastern ridge of the mountain instead of descending downward like the other ridges, extends east, rising toward even higher terrain, Pelto said.
"The erosion probably wasn't as uniform [on the eastern side]," he said.
Pelto added that although some news outlets are saying that the mountain is newly discovered, that's very unlikely to be the case. There's a research base for climate scientists to the south of the mountain in an area known as the Patriot Hills.
"You can actually probably see this mountain from up there in the Patriot Hills," Pelto said.
Theory of Extra-Terrestrial Presence
Some conspiracy theorists who believe in the existence of aliens or extraterrestrials and have been claiming pyramids prove that aliens have at some point visited or inhabited the earth. Pyramids are of great interest to conspiracy theorists that associate them with alien presence and related mystery.
The author of UFO Investigations Manual Nigel Watson feels that photos of pyramid structures are usually photoshopped, where the actual image is often cropped to make mountains bear a resemblance to pyramids.